Zero to Wordpress on Docker in 5 Minutes


Docker is an emerging technology that has garnered a lot of momentum in the past year. I have been busy with a move to NYC and a job change (now officially a Red Hatter), so I am just now getting around to getting my feet wet with Docker.

Last night I sat down and decided to bang out some steps for installing wordpress in a docker container. Eventually I plan to move this site into a container so I figured this would be a good first step.


There a few bits and pieces that need to be done to configure wordpress. For simplicity I decided to make this wordpress instance use sqlite rather than mysql. Considering all of this here is the basic recipe for wordpress:
  • Install apache and php.
  • Download wordpress and extract to appropriate folder.
  • Download the sqlite-integration plugin and extract.
  • Modify a few files...and DONE.
This is easily automated by creating a Dockerfile and using docker. The minimal Dockerfile (with comments) is shown below:
FROM goldmann/f20 MAINTAINER Dusty Mabe # Install httpd and update openssl RUN yum install -y httpd openssl unzip php php-pdo # Download and extract wordpress RUN curl -o wordpress.tar.gz RUN tar -xzvf wordpress.tar.gz --strip-components=1 --directory /var/www/html/ RUN rm wordpress.tar.gz # Download plugin to allow WP to use sqlite # # - Move sqlite-integration folder to wordpress/wp-content/plugins folder. # - Copy db.php file in sqlite-integratin folder to wordpress/wp-content folder. # - Rename wordpress/wp-config-sample.php to wordpress/wp-config.php. # RUN curl -o RUN unzip -d /var/www/html/wp-content/plugins/ RUN rm RUN cp /var/www/html/wp-content/{plugins/sqlite-integration/db.php,} RUN cp /var/www/html/{wp-config-sample.php,wp-config.php} # # Fix permissions on all of the files RUN chown -R apache /var/www/html/ RUN chgrp -R apache /var/www/html/ # # Update keys/salts in wp-config for security RUN \ RE='put your unique phrase here'; \ for i in {1..8}; do \ KEY=$(openssl rand -base64 40); \ sed -i "0,/$RE/s|$RE|$KEY|" /var/www/html/wp-config.php; \ done; # # Expose port 80 and set httpd as our entrypoint EXPOSE 80 ENTRYPOINT ["/usr/sbin/httpd"] CMD ["-D", "FOREGROUND"]

With the power of the Dockerfile you can now build a new image using docker build and then run the new container with the docker run command. An example of these two commands is shown below:
[root@localhost ~]# ls Dockerfile Dockerfile [root@localhost ~]# docker build -t "wordpress" . ... Successfully built 0b388013905e ... [root@localhost ~]# [root@localhost ~]# docker run -d -p 8080:80 -t wordpress 6da59c864d35bb0bb6043c09eb8b1128b2c1cb91f7fa456156df4a0a22f271b0

The docker build command will build an image from the Dockerfile and then tag the new image with the "wordpress" tag. The docker run command will run a new container based on the "wordpress" image and bind port 8080 from the host machine to port 80 within the container.

Now you can happily point your browser to http://localhost:8080 and see the wordpress 5 minute installation screen:

See a full screencast of the "zero to wordpress" process using docker here .
Download the Dockerfile here .


NOTE: This was done on Fedora 20 with docker-io-0.9.1-1.fc20.x86_64.