Hosting your own Atomic Host OSTree can be useful from time to time. Maybe you want to try out something new or maybe you want to permanently build your own custom tree and use it forever. It can be quite easy to set up a build server and host the contents, especially for personal use.
This post will walk through setting up a server to do builds and also hosting the content over http.
Choosing A Host
For this example we are going to use a Fedora 26 Atomic Host as the server to build the tree and host the content.
[root@compose-server ~]# rpm-ostree status State: idle Deployments: ● fedora-atomic:fedora/26/x86_64/atomic-host Version: 26.131 (2017-09-19 22:29:04) Commit: 98088cb6ed2a4b3f7e4e7bf6d34f9e137c296bc43640b4c1967631f22fe1802f GPGSignature: Valid signature by E641850B77DF435378D1D7E2812A6B4B64DAB85D
Atomic Host already has the
rpm-ostree software on the
system. If you want to run this on plain Fedora you will need to
dnf install rpm-ostree ostree.
One thing to do before moving forward is to choose where we will store
the OSTree contents. For this post we’ll put the files under
and we’ll just extend the root filesystem to accommodate. Let’s go
ahead and extend the root filesystem now:
[root@compose-server ~]# lvresize --size=+20g --resizefs atomicos/root Size of logical volume atomicos/root changed from 2.93 GiB (750 extents) to 22.93 GiB (5870 extents). Logical volume atomicos/root successfully resized. meta-data=/dev/mapper/atomicos-root isize=512 agcount=4, agsize=192000 blks = sectsz=512 attr=2, projid32bit=1 = crc=1 finobt=1 spinodes=0 rmapbt=0 = reflink=0 data = bsize=4096 blocks=768000, imaxpct=25 = sunit=0 swidth=0 blks naming =version 2 bsize=4096 ascii-ci=0 ftype=1 log =internal bsize=4096 blocks=2560, version=2 = sectsz=512 sunit=0 blks, lazy-count=1 realtime =none extsz=4096 blocks=0, rtextents=0 data blocks changed from 768000 to 6010880
Getting/Changing An Existing treecompose Manifest Defintion
What we want to do is run a compose via a command like
rpm-ostree compose tree tree-definition.json. What tree
definition should we use? You can come up with your own tree
definition, but for this case I’ll re-use the one that is used
for Fedora 27 Atomic Host:
Some other files in that repo matter as well, (
treecompose-post.sh, etc..) so it’s probably best just to
NOTE: A more comprehensive overview of the manifest file and setting up your own server can be found in the documentation.
[root@compose-server ~]# cd /srv/ [root@compose-server srv]# atomic run registry.fedoraproject.org/f26/tools docker run -it --name tools --privileged --ipc=host --net=host --pid=host -e HOST=/host -e NAME=tools -e IMAGE=registry.fedoraproject.org/f26/tools -v /run:/run -v /var/log:/var/log -v /etc/machine-id:/etc/machine-id -v /etc/localtime:/etc/localtime -v /:/host registry.fedoraproject.org/f26/tools This container uses privileged security switches: INFO: --privileged This container runs without separation and should be considered the same as root on your system. INFO: --net=host Processes in this container can listen to ports (and possibly rawip traffic) on the host's network. INFO: --pid=host Processes in this container can see and interact with all processes on the host and disables SELinux within the container. INFO: --ipc=host Processes in this container can see and possibly interact with all semaphores and shared memory segments on the host as well as disables SELinux within the container. For more information on these switches and their security implications, consult the manpage for 'docker run'. [root@compose-server /]# cd /host/srv/ [root@compose-server srv]# git clone -b f27 https://pagure.io/fedora-atomic.git Cloning into 'fedora-atomic'... remote: Counting objects: 1275, done. remote: Compressing objects: 100% (748/748), done. remote: Total 1275 (delta 805), reused 930 (delta 523) Receiving objects: 100% (1275/1275), 1.08 MiB | 3.19 MiB/s, done. Resolving deltas: 100% (805/805), done. [root@compose-server srv]# ls fedora-atomic/ config.ini fedora-atomic-host.json group README-content TODO.md web fedora-27.repo fedora-atomic-rawhide.tdl passwd README.md treecompose-post.sh
Since git isn’t installed on atomic host I used the
, which has
git installed. Ideally I would have also just downloaded
the tarball/archive of the repo, but pagure
doesn’t yet support doing that.
Now that we have the treecompose manifest definition, let’s tweak it a bit. In
this case I’d like to make an OSTree that includes content from the
Fedora 27 Updates Testing repository. This repository happens to
already be defined in the
fedora-27.repo file, we just need to add
it into the list of repos already in the
file. We’ll update the
"repos": list to be:
"repos": ["fedora-27", "fedora-27-updates", "fedora-27-updates-testing"],
Composing A Tree For The First Time
First things first, we need to initialize a repo before we
can compose a tree. We’ll make one under
[root@compose-server ~]# mkdir /srv/repo [root@compose-server ~]# ostree init --repo=/srv/repo/ --mode=archive [root@compose-server ~]# ls /srv/repo/ config extensions objects refs state tmp uncompressed-objects-cache
Now we can do our first treecompose:
[root@compose-server ~]# rpm-ostree compose tree --repo=/srv/repo /srv/fedora-atomic/fedora-atomic-host.json No previous commit for fedora/27/x86_64/atomic-host Enabled rpm-md repositories: fedora-27 fedora-27-updates fedora-27-updates-testing Updating metadata for 'fedora-27': 100% rpm-md repo 'fedora-27'; generated: 2017-10-04 11:26:24 Updating metadata for 'fedora-27-updates': 100% rpm-md repo 'fedora-27-updates'; generated: 2017-08-18 21:55:15 Updating metadata for 'fedora-27-updates-testing': 100% rpm-md repo 'fedora-27-updates-testing'; generated: 2017-10-02 21:18:23 Importing metadata 100% Resolving dependencies... done Installing 458 packages: GeoIP-1.6.11-3.fc27.x86_64 (fedora-27) GeoIP-GeoLite-data-2017.09-1.fc27.noarch (fedora-27) ... Will download: 458 packages (322.5 MB) Downloading from fedora-27: 100% Downloading from fedora-27-updates-testing: 100% Installing packages: 100% Executing postprocessing script 'treecompose-post.sh' Committing: 100% Metadata Total: 7909 Metadata Written: 3579 Content Total: 32544 Content Written: 25515 Content Bytes Written: 1014385703 fedora/27/x86_64/atomic-host => 1234f194dc43f9394160306a6512f7c024905013b3faefb41356bf7563ec38ce
NOTE: The output of the compose was truncated in various places for brevity.
Automating The Compose Of A Tree Over Time
It’s great that we just did our first tree compose. What about the future? We don’t want to push a button every time. We can use a simple systemd timer to keep our tree updated when new packages come available in the repos.
We’ll first create a systemd unit for a service that runs the compose.
This service will be known as
cat <<EOF > /etc/systemd/system/f27-updates-testing-rpm-ostree-compose.service [Unit] Description=run rpm-ostree compose for f27 updates-testing [Service] Type=oneshot ExecStart=/usr/bin/rpm-ostree compose tree --repo=/srv/repo /srv/fedora-atomic/fedora-atomic-host.json User=root EOF
Then we’ll create a systemd timer that calls the service every day
cat <<EOF > /etc/systemd/system/f27-updates-testing-rpm-ostree-compose.timer [Unit] Description=run rpm-ostree f27 updates-testing compose daily [Timer] OnCalendar=16:00 Persistent=true Unit=f27-updates-testing-rpm-ostree-compose.service [Install] WantedBy=timers.target EOF
Finally reload systemd to pick up the changes and enable the timer:
[root@compose-server ~]# systemctl daemon-reload [root@compose-server ~]# systemctl enable f27-updates-testing-rpm-ostree-compose.timer --now Created symlink /etc/systemd/system/timers.target.wants/f27-updates-testing-rpm-ostree-compose.timer → /etc/systemd/system/f27-updates-testing-rpm-ostree-compose.timer.
After a day you can see the logs by inspecting the
with a command like:
journalctl -u f27-updates-testing-rpm-ostree-compose.service.
Hosting The OSTree Repository Over HTTP
There are a million different ways to host the content. Since we’re on Atomic Host, I’ll use a container:
[root@compose-server ~]# docker run -d -p 80:8080 -v /srv/repo/:/var/www/html/:Z --restart=always --name webserver registry.fedoraproject.org/f26/httpd dbd23eb9e145f11a8ed096ec61b99c7b3c6e46f0c7e5ac224b62faced6f24b77 [root@compose-server ~]# [root@compose-server ~]# curl localhost/refs/heads/fedora/27/x86_64/atomic-host 1234f194dc43f9394160306a6512f7c024905013b3faefb41356bf7563ec38ce
The webserver is up and running and we were able to
curl to see that
the latest commit in the
fedora/27/x86_64/atomic-host ref is the one
that we just built above:
NOTE: Firewall rules may need to be added to allow for the content to be hosted publicly.
Rebasing Clients To The New OSTree
Now that we are serving the OSTree over http, we can rebase an existing host to that tree. In my case I’ll rebase an already existing Fedora 27 host to the updates testing tree we just created:
[vagrant@vanilla-f27atomic ~]$ sudo ostree remote add myremote http://10.10.10.100/ --no-gpg-verify [vagrant@vanilla-f27atomic ~]$ sudo rpm-ostree rebase myremote:fedora/27/x86_64/atomic-host Rebasing to myremote:fedora/27/x86_64/atomic-host error: Can't pull from archives with mode "bare" [vagrant@vanilla-f27atomic ~]$ [vagrant@vanilla-f27atomic ~]$ sudo rpm-ostree rebase myremote:fedora/27/x86_64/atomic-host Rebasing to myremote:fedora/27/x86_64/atomic-host ... Run "systemctl reboot" to start a reboot [vagrant@vanilla-f27atomic ~]$ rpm-ostree status State: idle Deployments: myremote:fedora/27/x86_64/atomic-host Version: 27 (2017-10-05 04:20:27) Commit: 1234f194dc43f9394160306a6512f7c024905013b3faefb41356bf7563ec38ce ● fedora-atomic:fedora/27/x86_64/atomic-host Version: 27.20170929.n.0 (2017-09-29 13:08:11) Commit: fd0817691e3259b6d3d0dc9a628282695bdb5000629a8508416dea4374875da5 GPGSignature: Valid signature by 860E19B0AFA800A1751881A6F55E7430F5282EE4
Now we have an OSTree compose server that will update the tree daily and serve the content to users. This is pretty simple to set up for demo/proof of concept purposes and could be easily extended to more production-like scenarios (i.e. by adding encyrption via HTTPS, and signing OSTree commits).